Basically today the two sampling procedures at the base of hair transplant are represented by:
Both procedures are practiced on the back or side of the scalp. The technique of sampling is now more widespread excision of occipital diamond. Under the microscope the skin flap is then selected follicular units (containing 1 to 4 hair) and multi-follicular units (containing hair from 3 to 6 each).
The follicular unit is thus the basic structure used in this new approach in which one of the pioneers include Bernstein and Rassman. Before the advent of technology, most of those who practiced surgery 's hair transplant technique avail themselves of the strip followed by dissection technique developed by stereomicroscopy Limmer in 1988, which were obtained by follicular units. Obviously the outcome was a linear scar strips in nuchal-occipital region, which in some patients is a condition of discouragement initial psychological and actual discomfort later.
The pathology of hair loss has been considered for many years the highest problem of both the pharmacology of the medicine itself.
While the drugs were found that could delay hair loss or otherwise would have a positive effect on the other hand it is also true that there is still no treatment that can solve the problem.
To date, baldness can be treated through hair transplant and specifically through the redistribution of surgical bulbs. In this connection it must be said that there are various surgical techniques often associated with other operations such as lifting of the affected area, removal of areas devoid of hair after placement of specific stretching, and autograft procedures of the scalp.
The hair transplant Masullo Medical Laser offers a unique approach to the design of the hairline. Each face is different from the others and two hairlines will never be the same. It is not a question of designing a new hairline, but rather to reconstruct the entire facial appearance of the subject suited to its individual particulars.
Trichological surgery has developed an interest in the problem of baldness during the second half of this century but only the gradual improvement of techniques that involve hair transplant has achieved results more natural and satisfying as this correction is' now become the most common in males.
Baldness affects like 60% of men under thirty years and 70% of men over this age.
Hair selftransplantation can achieve permanent hair since because moved hair retain the characteristics of their place of origin (neck) and therefore do not fall over or fall much further in the years (Phenomenon of Orentreich dominance).
The number of hair, or rather the number of follicular units, which can be transplanted in a single intervention is normally between the 1500th in 2500, although it is theoretically possible to reach much higher numbers (3000 or 4000).
One of the most common clichés identifies baldness as the hair loss but this is incorrect.
The term hair loss, is now established specifically indicate a condition of severe and irreversible lack of hair.
The main mechanism of baldness is the miniaturization of the hair, the hair processing terminal hair 'vellus': the hair becomes, always shorter and thinner. More specifically this transformation depends on the reduction of the bulb to work by inhibiting enzymatic reactions, which avoid the cycle of hair growth itself, in terms of genetic predisposition of the person.